NATIONAL PERFORMANCE MEASURESNPM 13
NPM 13.1: Preventive Dental Visit - Pregnancy
Dental Visits During Pregnancy
According to the 2018 Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), less than half (49.9%) of women self-reported that they had their teeth cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist during pregnancy. The trend from 2016-2018 (Figure 38) shows that the percentage of women who had a dental visit during pregnancy has increased overall by approximately 4%; however, a slight decrease of approximately 2% was seen in 2018.
While all races saw an increase in the percentage of dental visits between 2016 and 2017, they also saw a decrease between 2017 and 2018 (Figure 39). Women who identify as non-Hispanic White had the smallest decrease from 2017 to 2018 while women who identify as non-Hispanic Other saw the greatest decrease during the same period.
NPM 13.2: Preventive Dental Visit - Child/Adolescent
Utilization of Preventive Dental Services
When children begin dental visits by age 1 year, there are economic benefits and improvements in health outcomes for all. Both the American Dental Association (ADA) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommend that children should have their first dental visit no later than 12 months of age, preferably within six months of their first tooth. In addition, early childhood serves as a vital period for the establishment of a child's dental home and lifelong oral health.
Data from the 2017-2018 National Survey of Children's Health shows that 82.4% of all children aged 1-17 years in Virginia had preventive dental care (such as check-ups, dental cleanings, dental sealants, or fluoride treatments) in the preceding year. Over 89% of children aged 6-11 years had gone for one or more dental visits in the past year, compared to less than two-thirds (65.6%) of children aged 0-5 years (Figure 40). This might be connected to the fact that school age children (ages 6-11 years) are often more likely than pre-schoolers (ages 0-5 years) to develop dental problems.
In Virginia, 82.4% of all children aged 1-17 years had a preventative dental visit in the past year; however, the largest percentage of children (87.2%) who had a preventative dental visit were non-Hispanic Black (Figure 41). Hispanic children had the lowest percentage in 2017-2018 at 74.5%. While the percentage of preventative dental visits were higher in Virginia for non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White children, and non-Hispanic other compared to the United States, Virginia percentages were lower than those in the United States for Hispanic children.
If you have any questions or would like more information, please contact the Title V Maternal and Child Health Service Block Grant Project Director, Carla Hegwood at firstname.lastname@example.org.